It all depends on the details. If you have left behind deeper intellectual and spiritual pursuits, and also left behind living up to societal and interpersonal norms — and pursue sensual and non-intellectual pleasures at the expense of those things — then perhaps you have gone in reverse.

Also, if you abandoned religion and ethics for pleasure, I don’t think you were in Kierkegaard’s religious stage. As I explained, that stage is characterized by a deep devotion to something outside of yourself and norms of society. It’s not simply being part of a religions. Kierkegaard made a lot of enemies in the church because he claimed that many people who belonged to the church weren’t really religious in any devoted sense. They were at best just going through the motions.

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Author of “The Wabi-Sabi Way” and “Be, Think, Do”. Subscribe to my newsletter “Woolgathering”:

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