I left the link on the term “liberal democracy” with the hope that it could do the explaining of what I was talking about, but here’s the relevant part from that link (tl;dr: LD is an ideology, which manifests in many different forms of government. A republic is one of them):
Liberal democracy is a liberal political ideology and a form of government in which representative democracy operates under the principles of classical liberalism. It is also called western democracy. It is characterised by fair, free, and competitive elections between multiple distinctpolitical parties, a separation of powers into different branches of government, the rule of law in everyday life as part of an open society, and the equal protection of human rights, civil rights, civil liberties, and political freedoms for all people. To define the system in practice, liberal democracies often draw upon a constitution, either formally written or uncodified, to delineate the powers of government and enshrine the social contract. After a period of sustained expansion throughout the 20th century, liberal democracy became the predominant political system in the world.
A liberal democracy may take various constitutional forms: it may be a constitutional monarchy (Australia, Belgium, Canada, Japan, Norway, the United Kingdom) or a republic (France, India, Ireland, the United States). It may have a parliamentary system (Australia, India, Ireland, Italy, the United Kingdom), a presidential system (Indonesia, the United States), or a semi-presidential system (France).
That should address most of the initial worries you expressed in your comment.
As for your final question about why I would want to restrict speech, I am not at all talking about restricting speech by passing laws. I am talking about us a individuals choosing our words more carefully, and not confusing expression with persuasion.
If we’re trying to persuade, we need to ensure that we’re strategic with how we communicate. If we’re trying to have a conversation, we can’t be assholes — at least not initially, and especially not from afar.
But all that needs to be done individually. No law is going to be effective — or to your point, justified — in making us value our own speech more. It has to come from within.
I hope that clears things up.